The impact of new technologies on the learning process
As you know, the perception of each person has its own individual characteristics. What is common to all is that we know the world through the senses: hearing, sight, smell, touch, etc.
From the physiological point of view, each channel of perception works separately. We hear with our ears, see with our eyes, and touch with our skin. However, some people do not experience sensations at all – this phenomenon is called anesthesia. If a person experiences several sensations at the same time, this is called synesthesia.
Synesthetes – people who are capable of synesthesia-have a large, compared to others, and unique sensory experience. In the world the number of such people is very small. However, in some cases, almost every one of us experiences something similar. We simultaneously use several channels of perception in the process of communication, when our brain interprets different symbols (for example, pictures or emoticons in messages) or determines the meaning of words that we hear from the interlocutor or choose to convey to the interlocutor his thought.
The use of symbols in communication is devoted to the science of semiotics, and the various meanings of words – semantics. Many scientific papers have been devoted to the issues of synesthesia, semantics and semiotics in connection with the processes of perception and understanding. However, new research using functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI) provides an opportunity to take a fresh look at these phenomena and consider them in a complex.
The processes of perception and understanding of meanings are key in human learning. Understanding this mechanism gives us new ideas in order to improve existing teaching methods and move to new educational paradigms.
The human learning process can be described using the “three C model”. The main components in it are synesthesia, semiotics and semantics. They interact in a way that provides understanding and the ability to communicate. In this case, semiotics includes the understanding of the meanings of symbols, and semantics-the perception and understanding of the meanings of words, as well as their use in the process of communication. When all three components of the model interact, learning occurs.
With the advent of the Internet, the process of communication has changed dramatically. Computers, tablets, social media, and many other technologies have changed the world and greatly influenced how we gain new knowledge about the world around us. The very mental mechanisms of learning have changed.
Traditional learning psychology combines various theories that describe the learning process and put forward ideas on how to make it more effective. Today there are more than a hundred such theories. They cover a range of topics such as emotions, empathy, perception, visualization, repetition, attention, motivation, memory, intelligence, semantics, semiotics, cognition, associative thinking, understanding thought patterns, and many others.
In modern conditions, the psychology of learning is closer to media psychology, which uses psychological theories applicable in the media, relating to the perception of images, graphics and sounds that are transmitted with the help of modern technologies.
The renowned canadian scientist Marshall McLuhan separated psychology and media technology, looking at messages and the medium in which they spread. If you project this thought into the learning process, the teaching material in chemistry, mathematics, or English remains so regardless of what technology is used to transmit it.
Today, media psychology is often considered in conjunction with the psychology of learning. Scientists are trying to establish how modern technology can make the learning process more efficient.
The use of the ideas of media psychology in research on the psychology of learning is becoming relevant in connection with the emergence of new forms of learning: distance, mixed, online learning, etc.and the above “three C model” is widely used here.
Today, the Internet is a global network for the dissemination of thoughts and ideas. Learning occurs through signals that enter the brain through different channels of perception. This process is unique for each person and for each type of perceived information. However, it is synesthetic in nature and involves the simultaneous experience of several senses.
Today there are more and more scientific papers devoted to the interaction of perception channels. Scientists have found, for example, that sound can enhance visual or tactile perception. Sound can also cause tactile sensations.
Studies in the field of cinema have confirmed that musical accompaniment is very important for the perception of the film. These are just a few examples of multisensory perception that we encounter in everyday life.
Sensory experience in each person is manifested in different ways. Feelings and sensory responses arise and are perceived as a result of interaction between different parts of the brain. For example, emotions also arise as a response to sensory cues. Synesthesia is a reaction that we experience without being aware of it. Synesthetes do this consciously.
Education experts point out that many computer programs and applications have recently emerged that are well suited for online learning. They help to better assimilate learning material, improve perception, etc. Electronic learning tools are now more accessible than ever. They can be used to achieve a wide variety of educational goals-from learning foreign languages to developing new skills.
For example, today there are applications that can voice text documents. At the same time, each word that is voiced at the moment is highlighted in a different color. The use of such technology can be extremely useful in learning foreign languages. In addition, in combination with other tools, this application can develop reading skills even in people with dyslexia and other learning disorders.
The use of such applications in the educational process is effective because it covers all the elements of the “three C model”. This model can become a new tool for assessing the effectiveness of the educational process, and its use will help psychologists and experts in the field of education to correctly apply the latest digital technologies in the educational process.