How to eliminate the causes of aggression in adolescents
Does your teen show aggression at home? You are not alone in this. Many parents claim that their teenagers are often aggressive-both at home and in the circle of peers.
Adolescence is associated with physical and hormonal changes. This confuses teenagers and makes them unsure of themselves.
In addition, during this period, adolescents begin to re-evaluate their role in society and the family. Together, these factors can lead a teenager to outbursts of aggression, and at the same time he probably does not know how to cope with complex emotions.
In addition to the above, consider a number of other factors that can cause aggression in adolescents.
8 causes of aggression in adolescents
In recent years, many studies have been conducted on aggression in adolescence. Scientists were able to identify several factors that cause aggression. Here are some of them.
1. Traumatic event
The death or illness of a loved one, divorce of parents, bullying by older brothers, sisters or peers cause stress in adolescents. This can lead to aggressive behavior. Also, the cause of aggression can be the fact that the teenager is a witness to violence or conflicts in the family.
Physical or emotional abuse is another cause of aggressive behavior among adolescents.
violence leads to the fact that the teenager feels anger and shame;
the feeling of shame does not allow the teenager to tell someone about the violence, so it turns into aggression.
3. Mental disorder
Some teenagers suffer from mental disorders:
post-traumatic stress disorder.
All these disorders cause aggressive behavior in adolescents.
4. Health problem
In some cases, the aggressive behavior of adolescents lead to medical problems: brain damage, epilepsy, mental retardation or Tourette’s syndrome. With proper medical examination, it is possible to cure these diseases and cope with the aggression of the teenager.
5. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning disorders
Adolescents with ADHD have certain social and emotional difficulties. Such a teenager may seem angry and aggressive.
Some teenagers experiment with drugs and alcohol. When they start abusing these substances or develop an addiction, it can lead to aggressive behavior.
7. Peer pressure
Adolescents seek acceptance from peers. They want to be part of the group. If this does not happen, the teenager experiences emotional distress and anger, which in turn leads to aggressive behavior.
8. Low self esteem
Some teenagers suffer from low self-esteem. They try to compensate for this through aggressive behavior. Most often this happens when the teenager is in the circle of their peers.
How to deal with aggressive behavior of teenagers
Fortunately, parents can control aggression in adolescents. The following methods can help.
1. Counseling psychologists
A teenager prone to aggressive behavior can be shown to a psychologist.
choose a psychologist who specializes in working with teenagers;
as a result of working with a psychologist, a teenager will learn to take responsibility for their behavior, as well as to establish relationships with others.
2. Consultation with a family psychologist
A good idea may be to consult a psychologist with the whole family:
communication of family members with each other under the guidance of a psychologist can be of great benefit;
consultation of the family psychologist will help to resolve family conflicts and problems in the relations which are the reason of aggressive behavior of the teenager.
3. Medical care
If a teenager is diagnosed with a mental or neurological problem (such as epilepsy, depression, etc.), proper medical care can reduce the level of aggression.
4. Behavioral contract
You can try to make a verbal agreement with the teenager. This will force him to take responsibility for his behavior and actions:
list the behaviors you expect from a teenager. Explain what reward awaits him if he will show the expected behavior;
do not offer material reward as a reward for good behavior;
instead, you can set the teen consequences for bad behavior. Best of all, if these consequences will concern the usual things for a teenager. For example, tell him that in case of bad behavior, he will not go with friends to the movies or cafes.
5. House rules
Set home rules that Teens should follow, whether they like it or not:
the rules should be clear;
tell the teenager that he will have to put up with the consequences if he breaks the rules.
6. Relaxation technique
Teach your teen to relax so he can cope with stress:
if a teenager is overwhelmed by household duties or is under pressure from peers, relaxation techniques can be very useful for him;
in turn, relaxation will reduce the level of aggression of the teenager;
teach your teen to use relaxation techniques when he feels angry or stressed.
When you know the possible causes of aggression in adolescents, you are able to determine the initial signs of aggression in your child. Do not ignore these signs, but do not rush to send a teenager to consult a psychologist. Show love and support – this is what a teenager needs first of all.