Stress in children: causes and symptoms
Many parents play with young children after a busy day to relieve stress. But do you realize that young children also experience stress?
Today, stress is an integral part of our lives. Chronic stress can trigger diseases such as diabetes, asthma, depression, arthritis, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. This is how stress manifests itself in adults.
In young children, stress manifestations of stress are primarily associated with behavioral problems: the child becomes Moody or has learning difficulties. Sometimes stress in young children can lead to enuresis. If your child shows any symptoms of stress, know that you can help him. How exactly-let’s try to understand.
Causes of stress in preschoolers
Stress is a person’s reaction to difficult situations at school, at work, in relationships with friends, family, etc. in preschoolers stress can occur for various reasons. Consider the most common of them.
1. Separation from parents. Young children, when they are first brought to kindergarten, often experience anxiety and stress because of the fear of separation from their parents. When a child has to explore a social environment without the usual support, it can cause fear and anxiety.
2. Social pressure. Usually it is experienced by older children, but sometimes it is difficult for preschoolers to adapt to a new environment (for example, in kindergarten). They become shy and withdrawn.
3. Homely atmosphere. The situation at home strongly affects the behavior and habits of the child. Children who witness frequent conflicts in the family, divorce of their parents or the death of someone close to them, often suffer from stress.
4. Other factor. Stress in preschoolers can occur due to disturbing news reports, illness, financial problems in the family, lack of support from parents, etc.
Studies also show that the cause of stress in preschoolers may be that their parents, especially the mother, also experience chronic stress.
Symptoms of stress in preschoolers
Consider a few signs that may indicate stress in young children.
1. Underdeveloped speech skills.
2. Learning disorders.
3. Poor concentration.
4. Memory problem.
5. Aggressive behavior.
6. The child speaks rudely to others.
7. A child cannot trust other people.
8. It’s hard for a child to make friends.
9. Regressive behavior (the child exhibits behavior peculiar to young children).
10. The child demands attention to itself and in every possible way tries to attract it.
11. The child often cries or shouts.
12. The child becomes hysterical.
13. The child is insecure.
14. The child shows anxiety and fear.
15. The child is closed.
16. The child is irritable.
17. The child is afraid of separation from one of the parents.
18. The child shows sleep disorders.
19. The child often has a stomach ache.
20. The child has a bad appetite, he loses weight.
21. The child shows disorders of the digestive system.
22. The child suffers from nightmares.
23. The child suffers from enuresis.
How to help a preschooler cope with stress
Following simple tips, you can help your child cope with stress. These guidelines will also help you build and maintain a healthy relationship with your child.
soothe the child. Stay close to him and help him feel safe. If the child is afraid to be without you in kindergarten, tell him that you are leaving for a while;
talk to your child calmly. This will help him cope with irritation and calm down;
pay attention to the behavior of the child. If he gets cranky and hysterical, it’s probably a sign of stress. Perhaps, the behavior of the child wants to tell you something;
help your child Express his feelings in words. But at the same time, mark his boundaries.
Remember that stress is an integral part of our lives. You can help your child cope with stress by showing your love and support. If none of your efforts do not bring the desired result and the child is still experiencing stress, contact a specialist.