How teenagers cope with stress
Research shows that today’s teenagers experience more stress than adults. And this fact is alarming for parents. Teenage stress is a common phenomenon, and it needs to be dealt with. Despite the fact that teenagers have many reasons for stress, it is possible to cope with it. Parents, having shown a little patience, are able to help their child with this.
What is teenage stress
Imagine such a situation. Your child will have a responsible exam. He has exactly a week to prepare. All this time, and he, and most likely you will experience anxiety, irritability, anger and other similar feelings. Before the exam itself, a teenager may have a strong excitement. He is so afraid of getting a bad grade that he wants to run away rather than take this exam. This is stress.
Stress is the body’s response to difficult or threatening situations. You feel stressed when faced with an adverse situation. Stress activates the body’s hit-or-run mechanism.
The reaction of “fight or flight” in adolescents
When a person is faced with a perceived or real threat or is under severe stress, he has an automatic “hit or run”response. This reaction is very important: the body is preparing to fight the source of danger or run away from it.
When this mechanism is triggered, neurons from the amygdala send signals to the hypothalamus, which acts as a binding center in the brain. The hypothalamus sends a signal to the adrenal glands and activates the sympathetic nervous system.
The adrenal glands secrete adrenaline into the blood, which causes a rise in blood sugar and a rush of energy in all parts of the body. When this happens, the person’s pulse quickens, pupils dilate, and the skin turns red or pale. In this state, the human body remains 20-60 minutes, after which it returns to a normal relaxed state.
This reaction occurs in both adults and adolescents. And it is normal if the body does not remain in this state for too long. In small doses, this reaction is useful. It is this reaction that helps us to Dodge the ball flying at us or to bounce back in time when a car is coming towards us.
Symptoms of teenage stress
Stress can have various physical and emotional manifestations. In some people, it manifests itself in behavior. Consider the symptoms of stress.
1. Emotional symptoms
People who are stressed can look depressed and unhappy. Teens under stress may seem agitated, irritated, or alienated. They are easily angered, they are struck by simple things. In difficult situations, adolescents often feel helpless. The next time your teen bickers with you for no particular reason, you’ll realize that he’s probably stressed out.
2. Physical symptom
Physical symptoms of stress include fatigue, exhaustion, headaches, nausea, dizziness, heart palpitations, and loss of appetite. A teenager may lose interest in sports and other physical activities. Some teenagers lose or, conversely, gain weight.
3. Change in behavior
Teenagers who are stressed may seem restless and show signs of nervousness: nail biting, restless walking, slouching, etc. Detachment from family and friends, moodiness, irritability, negligence and lack of interest in favorite activities can also indicate stress.
4. Cognitive symptoms
Stress in adolescents can also affect their cognitive abilities, such as memory. You may think that your teenager is not serious about his Affairs, but perhaps he is just prone to stress. Other cognitive symptoms include irrational thinking, inability to focus, etc.
It may seem incredible to you, but stress is useful if it motivates you to work better. Stress is easy to deal with if you know what causes it.
11 causes of teenage stress
Most often stress is caused by ordinary things. If the child is stressed, it can be caused by one or more reasons.
1. The stress associated with learning
Studying is one of the most common causes of stress in high school. Teenagers often worry about many things, such as doing homework, preparing for exams and going to University. Moderate stress is useful if it motivates a teenager to learn better. But if it negatively affects the cognitive abilities and health of the child, it is worth taking action.
2. Physical stress
Physical changes can also be a cause of adolescent stress. With teenagers there are emotional and physical changes that lead them to confusion. Not understanding what happens to their body during puberty can be a cause of stress. In addition, excessive physical activity can cause a teenager fatigue and mental stress.
3. Social stress
Social life is very important for teenagers. They need recognition from their peers and for this they go to parties and walk with friends. Teenagers attach more importance to friends than to family.
Peer pressure causes teenagers to stress and causes them to try alcohol, cigarettes and drugs. Most often, this implies that the teenager must hide his true self and pretend to be someone else. And it can be stressful. Teenagers create an acceptable social image and maintain it under peer pressure. This is not an easy task, so teenagers often experience stress as a result.
In addition, conflicts with friends, peer bullying, and romantic relationships can also be a cause of stress among Teens.
4. Stress due to family problems
Everything that happens in the family affects the teenager. High expectations of parents, disagreements between them, illness of a family member or strained relationships with siblings-all these factors can affect a teenager.
Conflicts with brothers and sisters – this is another family problem that can cause stress to the teenager. Disagreements in such cases are quite normal, but if they escalate into a real war, it can cause stress for all parties to the conflict. Teenagers may be jealous and hate their younger siblings, who get more parental attention. Try not to take sides in such disputes to prevent such situations.
5. Financial stress
It’s not just adults who worry about money. Teenagers also worry about them because they can’t control their financial situation. Research shows that adolescents from low-income families are often exposed to poverty-related stress and subsequently become anxious adolescents and adults.
If your family is experiencing financial difficulties, it can cause stress in your teen. Worrying about the financial situation of the family is normal for the child, but do not burden him with a lot of details.
6. Traumatic event
Accidents, illnesses, the death of a loved one, physical or emotional abuse can all have serious consequences for a teenager. The death of a loved one can cause him to feel a sense of loss and fear of losing everyone in his life. For teenagers, a traumatic event can also be the breakup of a romantic relationship. If in the life of a teenager there were similar events, you need to pay attention to his emotional state and behavior.
7. Drastic changes in life
Teenagers can’t make life changes as quickly and easily as adults. Abrupt changes, such as moving to a different school, moving to a new city, or having a new family member (such as a stepfather, stepbrothers, or sisters) can make a teenager uncomfortable. If at the same time he does not know how to cope with changes or how to meet the expectations of parents or teachers, his life becomes stressful.
8. Romantic relation
High school students often worry about the fact that all their friends have boys and girls, and they do not. Expectations from your boyfriend or girlfriend, lack of attention from him (or, conversely, its excess), confused feelings-all this and much more can cause stress in adolescents.
9. Low self esteem
The physical and emotional changes that occur in adolescents make them doubt themselves. This leads to the formation of low self-esteem. Also, low self-esteem and uncertainty in a teenager may arise because of the attitude of his parents.
10. Unhealthy competition
Competition of teenagers with peers is a common phenomenon. Older girls and boys tend to show healthy competition in school, sports and other activities. Competition is useful as long as it motivates a teenager to improve. But if it causes negative feelings, such as jealousy or resentment, it only increases stress.
11. Poor time management skills
Teenagers often complain that they do not have enough time for anything – neither for Breakfast, nor for lessons, nor for household duties. Poor time management skills are another cause of stress in adolescents. They are often distracted by electronic gadgets that take up most of their time. Before they realize it, they have too little time to do the necessary things. As a result, teenagers suffer from stress.